Experts explain reason for websites blocking in Kazakhstan
Outdated methods are used to block the sites in Kazakhstan, which leads not only to restricted access to the blocked web pages, but also to others with coincident IP-address.
Many Kazakhstani internet users wonder why access is denied to certain foreign websites. Kazpravda.kz correspondent tried to find out the cause of the situation at JSC Samruk-Kazyna, which is a subsidiary of the main telecom operator of the country- Kazakhtelecom JSC and asked specialists in the Internet Association of Kazakhstan for comment.
The request for comment was made on the basis of sent questions to Kazakhtelecom, with a list of problem resources as of August 18, 2015. The list included 17 resources, access to which was partially or completely obstructed. Among them were: archive.org, international site of petitions avaaz.org, the Russian information-entertainment portal fresher.ru, site of the British newspaper Daily Mail dailymail.co.uk, the international news agency fergananews.com, photo sharing site flickr.com International , the blogosphere liveinternet.ru, access to which is occasionally blocked, the blogosphere livejournal.com, website of writer Leonid Kaganov lleo.me, Russian literary portal, providing the authors the possibility of free publication of works proza.ru, an international information portal reddit.com, server of modern literature Samizdat of the Moshkov library samlib.ru, download site of savefrom.net media content, portal on stoicism, a philosophical direction stoicallyspeaking.org, Dictionary of English slang, catch phrases, dialects urbandictionary.com, the site of memory of the musician and poet Yanka Diaghileva yanka.lenin .ru, humor site zagony.ru. Difficulties also arose in the use of Google’s photohosting picasa.ru and blogosphere
As the chief director of Samruk-Kazyna Asset Management Nurzhan Baidauletov said, locking / unlocking of online resources is made by Kazakhtelecom only on court order. National operator limits access to sites by IP-address.
"IP-address of the resource www.fresher.ru (18.104.22.168) coincides with the IP-address of the site kisxme.com (22.214.171.124), in respect of which there is a resolution of Esil district court of Astana on the termination of its activities on the territory of Kazakhstan (Case dated 02.07.2014 № 2-2454 / 14).
IP-address of www.livejoumal.com resource (126.96.36.199) coincides with the IP-address of www.islamunveiled.livejoumal.com site (188.8.131.52), in respect of which there is a judgement of Saryarka District Court of Astana on the termination of its activities on the territory of Kazakhstan (dated 12.07.2011.).
IP-address of www.samlib.ru (184.108.40.206) coincides with the IP-address of www.artofwar.ru (220.127.116.11), in respect of which there is a resolution of Saryarka District Court of Astana on the termination of its activities on the territory of Kazakhstan (dated 19.09.2011 city № 2-5302 / 2011).
IP-address of www.stoicallvspeaking.org (18.104.22.168, 22.214.171.124) coincides with the IP-address of the site www.netvideoizle.net (126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52), in respect of which there is a resolution of Saryarka District Court of Astana on termination of its activity on the territory of Kazakhstan ( 09.04.2012, the № 2-898 / 2012).
IP-address of www.vanka.lenin.ru (184.108.40.206) coincides with the IP-address of the site www.imperium.lenin.ru (220.127.116.11), in respect of which there is a resolution of Saryarka District Court of Astana on the termination of its activities on the territory of Kazakhstan ( 23.12.2011, the № 2-5519 / 2011), "- Baidauletov specified, noting that Kazakhtelecom, as well as other telecom operators, is the executor of the taken resolution and may not self-cancel or modify the court decision.
However, Kazakhtelecom could not explain why their subscribers have difficulties with access to the other of the mentioned resources and services.
The Internet Association of Kazakhstan clarified why access to sites is blocked not by the address, but by IP.
"Blocking by IP is a well-known and old method. Today, of course, you can easily restrict access by domain name. The only difference is that the domain name can be easily changed to continue the work. In this case the execution of the court ruling is unfulfilled not in terms of the domain name, but in terms of the content. But there is an
answer to this argument too, that the address can also be changed. So blocking on the IP-address is much worse, because in this case, all the sites that are at this address are blocked too. And there are thousands or tens of thousands of sites under same address, "- said president of the association Shavkat Sabirov.
Alongside that, he believes that the problem may also lie in the lack of officials’ and judge’s competence.
"It is easier for an official sitting and writing a formal request pursuant to the court decision, to write an IP-address than repeat fully the domain name. The same applies to a judge who knows the addresses better than domain names. In this case, the court judgment is unequivocal and the operator is obliged to go by it, whether he likes it or not ", - the expert says.
Sabirov calls for those responsible to sort the situation out, to solve this issue fundamentally.