Number of ethnic Kazakhs who returned to Kazakhstan in 2020 announced
Photo: Kazpravda.kz/ Talgat Akhanov
At the end of 2020, 13 thousand people returned to their historical homeland and received the status of fellow countrymen. Since 1991, 1 million 70.3 thousand ethnic Kazakhs have arrived in the republic, Kazpravda.kz reports with reference to the press service of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
"More than half of the fellow countrymen (53.1%) who arrived in Kazakhstan last year are from China, 31.3% - from Uzbekistan, 8.7% - from Turkmenistan, 3.7% - from Mongolia and 3.3 % - from other countries. The arrived ethnic Kazakhs mainly settled in Almaty (51.3%), Mangistau (13.3%) and Turkestan (5.6%) regions, as well as in Nur-Sultan (4.1%) and Shymkent (3.9%)," the message says.
It is noted that, according to the results of 2020, the number of migrants of working age is 57.1%, 31.9% are people under working age and 11% are pensioners.
It should be noted that within the framework of the State Program for development of productive employment and mass entrepreneurship for 2017-2021 "Enbek" (hereinafter referred to as the Program), voluntary resettlement to the regions with a labor shortage is proposed to the fellow countrymen.
In 2020, within the framework of the approved regional quotas for accepting fellow countrymen, more than 1.4 thousand ethnic Kazakhs and members of their families arrived for permanent residence in the regions determined by the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Akmola, Atyrau, West Kazakhstan, East Kazakhstan, North Kazakhstan, Kostanay, Pavlodar and Karaganda regions.
The fellow countrymen included in the regional quota receive state support in the form of subsidies: one-time relocation payment (35 MCI for each family member) and monthly for 12 months to cover the cost of renting housing and payment of utilities (from 15 to 30 MCI per family).
Also, the government support includes:
- provision of subsidies to employers assisting in resettlement (subsidies in the amount of 450 MCI for each employee hired for a permanent job for a period of at least three years, and in the case of employment of at least five Program participants);
- referral to technical and vocational education and short-term professional courses, if necessary (within the first direction of the Program);
- state grants for implementation of new business ideas in the amount of up to 200 MCI.