Multiple violations revealed in Bek Air inspection
During the inspection of the Beck Air company’s work, a number of violations were revealed, Kazpravda.kz reports with reference to the press service of the Civil Aviation Committee of the MIIID RK.
After the crash of Bek Air flight on December 27, 2019, the Aviation Administration of Kazakhstan (AAK) JSC suspended the operator’s certificate and certificates of airworthiness.
“In particular, during the inspection of Beck Air JSC, the AAK identified two main problems regarding the airworthiness of the airline. Firstly, it was found that Bek Air failed to control the maintenance of airworthiness of the air fleet through full and proper accounting. The information in the technical logs does not correspond with the data on the process of transferring components from one aircraft to another. The reports show that the airline regularly uses this process when the components of one aircraft are removed for installation on another. These actions raise questions about account of developments of components and recording of the operation hours. It is also indicative of the inability of Bek Air to obtain spare parts due to lack of funding or difficulties in obtaining spare parts for old aircraft,” the report says.
It is noted that the most serious violation is removal from aircraft engines of data plates with serial numbers for tracking hours and cycles. In this regard, the identification of the engines cannot be verified, nor can their actual hours and cycles be verified.
Several engines with such a problem have been identified that question suitability of all aircraft engines operated by Bek Air JSC.
In addition, Rolls Royce, the manufacturer of the Fokker-100 aircraft engine, said that since these aircraft went into operation in Kazakhstan, they have not received information about major overhaul of these engines. Rolls Royce also informed Kazakhstan Aviation Administration that there is no procedure requiring removal of the data plate, and that under no circumstances will it allow it to be done with the working engine.
Another major problem of airworthiness is a significant number of unit replacements from one aircraft to another, as well as the lack of inventory control necessary for their management. This process is not properly controlled, which will require further study of issues related to the maintenance and repair of the airline’s aircraft.
There are also many other violations, such as ELT status (emergency location transmitter), lack of fire protection of cargo compartments, life vests, etc., which apply to all aircraft.
“In general, the state of the fleet is assessed as unsatisfactory, which is expected, given the age of the aircraft, as well as the state of the airworthiness maintenance procedure. Thus due to the extensive list of violations, airworthiness certificates cannot be restored until violations are eliminated,” the report says.
In terms of airline flight operations, the list of identified violations is impressive too.
Measures are required to improve the crews training in the proper operation of the aircraft, the committee informed.
During the study of video evidence at the Almaty airport, it was revealed that the crews of Bek Air JSC, preparing their planes for a flight, generally did carry out the overall check, nor did they check the wing, as required by the aircraft operation manual.
According to KGA, the manual for the Fokker 28-100 aircraft clearly states that the wing of the aircraft must be checked before each flight, and if there is ice, then the wing should be cleared of it. From the studied video recordings of the aircraft preparation, it can be seen that this check was not made. Given the nature of aircraft operation in winter in Kazakhstan, it is a serious safety issue.
Bek Air will have to submit to the AAC a corrective action plan to eliminate all violations within 10 days.