Results shown by Kazakh students in the global study PISA-2018
Photo: Kazpravda.kz/Adilbek Tauekelov
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) officially announced the results of PISA-2018, the Minister of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Askhat Aymagambetov reported on Facebook, Kazpravda.kz reports.
“This study assesses the skills of 15-year-old students in reading, math and science literacy. Every 3 years, one of these areas is the main one. This means that about half of the questions will prevail in one direction or another. In PISA-2018, as in PISA-2009, the main direction is reading literacy. The PISA test is not aimed at testing the academic knowledge, but at revealing functional literacy, the ability to apply the acquired knowledge, analyze, and think critically," said Askhat Aymagambetov.
The Minister announced the results of Kazakhstan.
“The average point of the country in PISA-2018 in reading literacy was 387 points, in mathematics - 423 points and in science - 397 points. I must say that we expected these indicators and they are much lower than the OECD average (reading - 487, mathematics - 489 and natural sciences - 489). Compared to our results in PISA-2009, 2012, there is a decrease," - said Askhat Aymagambetov.
Despite the poor results, the minister urged not to draw hasty conclusions, because there are a lot of factors behind these results. Firstly, the test for the first time for Kazakhstan was held in computer format.
“For our children, this is the first such experience. It should also be taken into account that in the test there is no opportunity to return to previous questions. If you look at the results of PISA-2015, in which 57 participating countries first took the test on a computer, you can see a decrease in points in most countries. For example, the results of one of the leaders of the PISA study in Korea decreased by 30 points in mathematics, 22 - in natural sciences and 18 – in reading, "- said Aymagambetov.
Secondly, according to the minister, the changes in our education system that could improve the results in PISA have not yet affected the tested 15-year-old students (children born in 2002).
Thirdly, the main part of Kazakhstani research participants were students of 9th (44%) and 10th (53.4%) grades. Whereas in other countries the age of admission to school is regulated, and, accordingly, the majority of PISA participants were from the same groups. For example, 100% and 90% of participants from Japan and Singapore are 10th grade students.
Fourth, the results of NIS have demonstrated the effectiveness of educational programs. NIS students scored 511 points in reading literacy, 554 points in mathematics, and 526 points in natural sciences. Their results correspond to the indicators of the top leaders of PISA-2018.