Gold Man’s grand tour of the world museums continues. On September 12, exhibition of the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan "The Great Steppe: History and Culture" opened in the exhibition hall of the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in the capital of the Turkish Republic, Ankara. Director of the National Museum Arystanbek Mukhamediuly told on Facebook about it, Kazpravda.kz reports.
“The rich historical and cultural heritage presented at the exhibition is, of course, first of all the Gold Man, which is one of the national symbols of our Kazakhstan. Gold jewelry from the crown of the ancient ruler of the steppes - winged horses-tulpars - became part of the national coat of arms of the Republic Kazakhstan, and the sculpture of the Gold Man was installed on the Independence Square in Almaty. After almost half a century, the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan announces the Gold Man’s international tour of the world museums. The first large-scale exhibition of the project was a great success in the museums of Belarus, Russia, Azerbaijan, China, Poland, South Korea, Tatarstan, Uzbekistan and Northern Macedonia. By the end of 2019 the exhibition will visit two more countries,” - Arystanbek Muhamediuly said.
As he noted, the National Museum presents the recreation of the Gold Man - in clothes embroidered with gold plaques, in a special conical shape headdress decorated with gold plates in the form of gold arrows, snow leopards, argali, horses and birds, and a collection of archaeological finds from the early Iron Age (V - IV centuries BC) that were in the burial of this noble Saka young warrior (according to archaeologists, his was 17-18 years old).
More than four thousand gold articles were found in the same mound: details decorating clothes, jewelry, household utensils. The topography of objects in the burial allowed researchers, as a result of painstaking work, to recreate the appearance of the ancient warrior, which is presented at the exhibition. A special place in the exhibition is taken up by a silver bowl with a runic inscription found among other articles of the Issyk burial mound - one of the oldest artifact of writing found in this territory.
The most important feature of the ancient art of the steppe is the dominance of zoomorphic images - the so-called "animal style", with stylized images of totem animals, animal fighting scenes endowed with magical functions.
A vivid example of "animal style" is a plaque dating V-IV centuries. BC, made of gold using the stamping and corrugation technique in the form of two mirror reflected leopards.
With the adoption of Christianity and Islam, the "animal style" gradually lost its original meaning that dated back to pagan beliefs and ideas.
However, decorative images of animals, devoid of their original magical meaning, continued to exist in medieval art: in jewelry, book miniatures, wood carvings, stones and bones, in architecture - but in a more generalized form, acquiring the forms of a stylized ornament, decor elements. These trends are clearly expressed in the finds from the Sairam treasure, represented in the exhibition by jewelry items dating from the 15th century. The exhibition will also display unique archaeological finds from the Saki mounds Taksay (West Kazakhstan region), Taldy-2 (Karaganda region) and Berel (East Kazakhstan region).
In total, the exhibition features 207 items from the collections of Kazakhstan National Museum, masterpieces of ancient and medieval art of Kazakhstan, which are only a small part of the creations of nameless masters of the past, reflecting the originality of the heritage of the steppe culture of Eurasia.