Gold Man presented in Turkey
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The National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan opened the exhibition "The Great Steppe: History and Culture" on September 12, 2019 at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara, the Republic of Turkey. The exhibition will run from September 12 to October 12, 2019 as part of the project of the international exhibition "The procession of the Golden Man through the world museums", Kazpravda.kz reports with reference to the press service of the National Museum of Kazakhstan.
The event was attended by the director of the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Arystanbek Mukhamediuly, Ambassador Extraordinary of the Republic of Kazakhstan to Turkey Abzal Saparbekuly, general director of museums and cultural monuments Gokhan Yazgi, TURKSOY secretary general Dyusen Kaseinov.
The purpose of the exhibition is to familiarize the foreign audience with the rich historical and cultural heritage of Kazakhstan. The Gold Man, which is a symbol of the Republic of Kazakhstan, was presented at the exhibition.
Speaking at the opening ceremony, the director of the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Arystanbek Mukhamediuly, noted that Kazakhstan is interested in the world community with its nomadic civilization and history.
"At present, a lot of work is being done in the country in the field of culture and art within the framework of the programs of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev on the Cultural Heritage, The Seven Facets of the Great Steppe. One of them is the international project Procession of the Gold Man through the world museums. Within the framework of this project, implemented by the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan with the support of the Ministry of Culture and Sports of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Gold Man, which has become a symbol of Kazakhstan’s independence, was presented at exhibitions of about twenty countries in Europe, Asia and other countries. The purpose of today's exhibition in Ankara, is to introduce the historical cultural heritage of Kazakhstan, which developed in the territory of the Great Steppe of Eurasia from the early Iron Age to the present day, "- he said.
A. Mukhamediuly also thanked the Ministry of Culture of Turkey, the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the Republic of Turkey, and the International Organization TURKSOY, who helped to organize the exhibition.
In the late 1960s - early 1970s, in the Issyk mound, the remains of the Saka king, Gold Man, were discovered that later became the symbol of Kazakhstan. The priceless find was dubbed the "Kazakh Tutankhamen" and recognized as the discovery of the century.
Gold ornaments from the crown of the ancient ruler of the steppes - winged horses-tulpars - became part of the national coat of arms of the Republic of Kazakhstan, and the sculpture of the Gold Man was installed on Independence Square in Almaty.
Almost half a century later, the National Museum of the Republic of Kazakhstan announced an international tour - The Gold Man Procession through the museums of the world. As part of a large-scale project, the exhibition was successfully held in the museums of Belarus, Russia, Azerbaijan, China, Poland, South Korea and Uzbekistan, until the end of 2019 the exhibition will be visited by five more countries of the globe.
The exhibition displays the recreated Gold Man in clothes embroidered with gold plaques, in a headdress of a special conical shape, which is decorated with golden plates in the form of golden arrows, snow leopards, argali, horses and birds, and a collection of archaeological finds of the early Iron Age century (V – IV centuries. BC), accompanying the burial of this notable Saki young warrior (according to archaeologists, his age is 17-18 years).
At the exhibition in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, unique cone-shaped headdresses, decorated with gold overheads and gold plates in the form of arrows, snow, argali, horses and birds (the ancient Iron Age, V-IV centuries BC), were buried with these young men (according to archaeologists about 17-18 years).
Saki are distant ancestors of the Kazakhs. In the writings of Greek authors, they are called Asian Scythians (the word saka goes back to the Scythian - "deer"). Among the three large groups of these tribes the Saki-Tigrahaud were mentioned, who lived in the territory where the Issyk mound was found with the burial of the Gold Man.
More than four thousand gold articles were found in the mound: details for decorating clothes, as well as decorations and household utensils. The topography of the objects in the burial allowed the researchers, as a result of hard work, to recreate the look of the ancient warrior, which is presented at the exhibition.
The most important feature of the ancient art of the steppe is dominance of zoomorphic images, the so-called animal style, the distinctive features of which are stylized images of totem animals, scenes of fighting animals, endowed with magical functions.
As Christianity and Islam were established, the animal style gradually lost its original meaning, which goes back to pagan beliefs and ideas.
However, decorative images of animals, devoid of their original magical meaning, continued to exist in medieval art: in jewelry, book miniature, wood carving, stone and bone, in architecture, but in a more generalized form, acquiring forms of stylized ornament and decorative elements. These trends are clearly expressed in the finds from the Sairam treasure, which are presented in the exhibition of jewelry articles, dating to the XV century.